exam History and Systems Psychology

exam History and Systems Psychology
Order Description
questions att to all questions I att book
Fill In:
1. __________ is the Psychological Researcher who asserted that theories must be potentially refutable in order for them to meet true scientific rigor, called the principle of _____________, which he believed made theories stronger.
2. Similar to Freud and Jung, ___________ is the philosophical tenet that the true causes of behavior are unconscious and cannot be rationally understood.
3. Empedocles believed that when ______ is the prevailing factor in our lives, we seek separation from the world and others instead of union.
4. Attempting to understand depression through deficits in neurotransmitters would be an example of Democritus’s philosophy of ______________, while examining depression in terms of behavioral stimulus-response patters would be an example of his philosophy of ___________________.

Multiple Choice:
5. ___________ postulate that the passive mind only records experiences and information in one’s world, while _____________ believe that the active mind interacts with and can even influence experiential information taken in by an individual (p20).
a) relativists c) empiricisms
b) rationalists d) sophists
6. ____________ believed that when love is the prevailing force in our lives, we have an urge to establish union with the world and other people.
a) Democratus c) Anaxagoras
b) Plato d) Empedocles
7. ________________ statement of “A horse I can see, but horsehood I cannot see” is Cynicism’s contention with the purpose of reflection in Socrates’s essences and Plato’s pure forms.
a) Antisthenes c) Pyrrho
b) Plato d) Sacristices
8. Freud’s dream theory of wish-fulfillment is most similar to __________ belief that while sleeping a person’s baser appetites manifest themselves.
a) Democratus c) Anaxagoras
b) Plato d) Empedocles

Short Answer:
9. Please discuss how Heraclitus’s statements on being and becoming are evident in Rogerian, Humanistic theory.
10. How did St. Thomas Aquinas and reconcile faith and reason?
11. How are Aristotle’s Laws of Association part of the foundation of current theories of Associative Learning (operant and classical conditioning)?
12. How are the principles of risky prediction and postdiction related to psychological science and theories like those of Freud and Adler?
13. Please discuss how nativism and empiricism are closely related to the biological and behavioral/social theories in psychology.
14. How does Kuhn’s “paradigm” shape normal science?
15. Please define and give an example of:
15a. Psychical Determinism-
15b. Physical Determinism-
15c. Sociocultural Determinism-
15d. Environmental Determinism-
16. Please discuss how Zeno and Jesus taught divinity as the purpose of all behavior. How were their perspectives different in what one should be living in accordance with? How were their perspectives similar in terms of achieving that accordance?
17. How are Socrates’s essences and Plato’s pure forms similar?

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