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Initial information on the discussion
Use the Internet to complete the following:

View the following pages on the Web site of Play Therapy International:
Standards for Play Therapy, Therapeutic Play, and Filial Play.
Ethical Framework.
Supervising and Managing.
Play Therapy Standards for Canada and the United States.

On the Web pages of the following organizations, search for and view information on ethical standards and legal requirements related to therapy and supervision:
American Counseling Association.
American Psychological Association.
American Association for Marriage and Family Therapy.
National Association of Social Workers.

Optional Readings

You may find the following readings helpful.

Barnett, J. E., & Molzon, C. H. (2014). Clinical supervision of psychotherapy: Essential ethics issues for supervisors and supervisees. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 70(11), 1051–1061. doi:10.1002/jclp.22126
Bernard, J. M., & Goodyear, R.K. (2008). Fundamentals of clinical supervision. (4th ed.). Boston, MA: Allyn & Bacon.
Chapman, R. A., Baker, S. B., Nassar-McMillan, S. C., & Gerler Jr., E. R. (2011). Cybersupervision: Further examination of synchronous and asynchronous modalities in counseling practicum supervision. Counselor Education & Supervision, 50(5), 298–313.
Haber, R. (1996). Dimensions of psychotherapy supervision: Maps and means. New York, NY: W. W. Norton & Company.
McAdams, C. R., III, & Wyatt, K. L. (2010). The regulation of technology-assisted distance counseling and supervision in the United States: An analysis of current extent, trends, and implications. Counselor Education & Supervision, 49(3), 179–192.
Rodenhauser, P. (1997). “Psychotherapy supervision: Prerequisites and problems in the process.” In C. E. Watkins Jr. (Ed.), Handbook of psychotherapy supervision. New York, NY: Wiley. 527–548.
Stoltenberg, C. D., & Delworth, U. (1987). Supervising counselors and therapists: A developmental approach. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
Wampold B. E., & Holloway E. L. (1997). “Methodology, design, and evaluation in psychotherapy supervision research.” In C. E. Watkins, Jr. (Ed.), Handbook of psychotherapy supervision. New York, NY: Wiley. 11–27.
Watkins, C. E. Jr. (1997). “Defining psychotherapy supervision and understanding supervisor functioning.” In C. E. Watkins, Jr. (Ed.), Handbook of psychotherapy supervision. New York, NY: Wiley. 3–10.
the responce that needs to be replied to.
he laws and regulations that are in the state of Tennessee regarding issues of confidentiality on Marriage and Family Therapist for clients under the age of 18 would be the following under Article 2, Section 2.01.3 effective January 1, 2015. Also under the American Counseling Association standards for counselors regarding legal and professional issues.

Responsibility to clients by MFT’s advancing the welfare of families and individuals and to make reasonable efforts to find the appropriate balance between conflicting goals within the family system such as:

Informed Consent Form.

Informed Consent form is used to obtain when persons due to age or mental status, are legally incapable of giving informed consent, MFT’s obtained informed permission from a legally authorized person, if such substitute consent is legally permissible.

MFTs would provide written notice and make reasonable efforts t obtain written consent of persons who are the subjects of evaluations and inform clients about the evaluation process, use of information and recommendations, financial arrangements and the role of the therapist within the legal system.


MFTs have unique confidentiality concerns because the client in a therapeutic relationship may be more than one person. The therapist would respect and guard the confidence of each individual client.

Now under the American Counseling Association for ethical and legal issues related to counseling minors regarding confidentiality, the law requires counselors to maintain confidentiality with clients as young as 12 in the school setting but in a a counseling setting parents usually have a legal rights to information (ACA, 2005).

Resolving the conflict in many cases of counseling in privae practice, parents must understand confidentiality as it applies to the child or adolescent (Remley & Herlihy, 2010). Difficulties may arise when children or adolescents disclose information to the counselor that they do not want disclosed to their parents. But when the child is in danger, exposed to being harmed, it is necessary to inform the parents, however, the counselor can use discretion when disclosing other information to the parents.

Resolving the conflict may even include encouraging the child to disclose the information to their parent with the counselor’s help. If the child refuses to disclose the information and the counselors deems it to be necessary for the counselor to explain to the child why the information must be disclosed to their parent (Remley & Herlihy, 2010).

Under the Association for Play therapy’s guidelines, the therapist must be dedicated to the play therapy. Their role is to help their clients, be committed, and responsible with respect, in building best practices in play therapy.

Related ethical codes under ACA, counselors must respect client’s rights to privacy unless they disclose an intention to harm self or others or when the client discloses that they have a communicable and life threatening disease. When counseling minor clients, counselors must protect confidentiality according to federal and state laws.

Here is my statement to parents and their child under 18. This would help them to feel safe in order to express themselves in play therapy based on the ethical guidelines of the Association Play Therapy.

-As your child’s play therapist, there are ethical guidelines of the Association Play Therapy laws that I must abide by. I must apply to make sure that your child feels safe in order for them to open up and share their feelings in the process of each session when we meet.

My primary responsibility as the play therapist is to conduct the therapy with respect, recognize the uniqueness of my client and to promote their best interest and welfare of the child. It is important as the therapist to build a therapeutic relationship that falls under the play therapy best practice under the Association for Play therapy ethical guidelines.

Due to the age of the client, an informed consent form must be completed and signed by the parent or legal guardian. This would allow me to provide therapy, evaluations, use of information, make recommendations, financial arrangements, and the role of the therapist within the legal system.

There is confidentiality unless there is a concern of the child being harmed, in danger or being exposed to being harmed. Should this occur, my ethical duty is to brake the confidentiality, to report with discretion to the proper authority.

American Association for Marriage & Family Therapy (2015) Retrieved from:

American Counseling Association (2005). Retrieved from: /fd.ashx? guid=ab7c12772-71C4-46cf-848c-f98489937dda

Association for Play Therapy (2012). Play therapy best practices master. Retrieved from: Best Practices.pdf

Remley, TP. Jr. & Herlihy, B. (2010). Ethical, legal, and professional issues in counseling, 3rd.ed, Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Merrill/Pearson Education
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