the original 1957, black-and-white version of “12 Angry Men
Watch the original 1957, black-and-white version of “12 Angry Men.” Watch for indications of the six steps of the Group Problem-solving Process and leadership. Write a essay addressing what occurred as the jury processed through each of the six steps. Keep in mind that the jury was a group before they walked into the jury room and some of the steps may have occurred in the courtroom. In addition, address the style and the effectiveness of the characters identified as leaders. The Problem-Solving Sequence involves the following six steps:
Define and Analyze the Problem: at times the problem may be clearly specified but at other times the problem may be vague and the group will need to define it clearly. It is necessary to limit the problem to a manageable area instead of a vague concept. Stating the problem as an open-ended question rather than a statement allows for greater exploration and creativity.
Establish Criteria for Evaluating Solutions: Decide how solutions will be evaluated before proposing them
Identify Possible Solutions: brainstorm as many solutions as possible, focus on quantity rather than quality Evaluate Solutions: use the previously established criteria to evaluate each solution
Select the Best Solution(s): based on the results of the evaluation process, choose the best solution. Groups choose solutions in three methods:
Authority: the leader of the group (or organization) makes the decision after listening to the group’s suggestions. This is usually the most efficient manner and has the advantage that the more experienced members ultimately make the decision, however other individual members often feel somewhat ‘left out’ and do not participate or support the decision enthusiastically.
Majority Rule: decision is reached by vote. Also efficient however the discussion may be limited by calling for a vote once a majority of the members seem to be in agreement. Also the individuals on the minority of the vote often feel somewhat ‘left out’ and do not participate or support the decision enthusiastically.
Consensus: all members of the group voiced their opinion, and a solution is synthesized that the group as a whole agrees on. While not as efficient as the other two methods, this method produces a high degree of enthusiasm and support for the decision since everyone takes ownership. Test the Selected Solution(s): analyze the effectiveness of the chosen solution